Women in India have been able to participate in the political sphere since 1950. In fact, that same year, the Indian Constitution officially granted women’s suffrage.
From there on, women have been able to enjoy basic political and electoral rights. Thus, they were integrated into the public administration and in political activism, but with a marginal relevance compared to that of men. Indian women were also substantially involved in the strenuous fight for independence from Britain. The fission between the two countries brought gender equality in the form of constitutional guarantees, however, women’s participation has always been rather low. In order to solve this schizophrenic phenomenon, the Indian Parliament passed the so-called ‘Women’s Reservation Bill’ in 2008, whereby 33% of the Lower House seats are assigned to women only.
Today, the right-wing party Bharatiya Janata and the centre-left Indian Congress Party have been increasing the extent of women participation in order to develop their agendas. So, looking from the outside, it would seem as though women would actually be included in the political life of the Republic, irrespective of the political orientation. Formally, they enjoy constitutional rights and reserved seats in institutions, as established by law. Unfortunately, in practice, women encounter challenges to their participation. To put it in Hema Lata Swamp’s words “Indian women’s lives are circumscribed by 5 P’s: Patriarchy, Productive resources access inadequacy, Poverty, Promotion advancement insufficiency and powerlessness”.
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From November 30th to December 1st, the G-20 took place in Buenos Aires. The United States entered the meeting with a hard-faced temper when it came to trade and climate change agreements. In fact, President Trump refused to sign the joint statement on global warming. A nonbinding communiqué released at the end of the summit read: “The United States reiterates its decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, and affirms its strong commitment to economic growth and energy access and security, utilizing all energy sources and technologies, while protecting the environment”. Continua a leggere
In July 1999, Mrs. Clinton began her independent political career. Her Senate platform included support for a balanced budget, the death penalty and incremental healthcare reform. It was a decisive break from her early-1990s political positions.
Hillary Clinton 2.0 was a moderate, building on the success of her communitarian appeals. She emphasized her religious background, voiced strong support for Israel, voted for the Iraq War, and took a hard line against Iran. Unfortunately, she couldn’t surpass Barack Obama during the 2008 Presidential Election.
Soon after Obama’s victory, Hillary Clinton 3.0 emerged. She believed she could never win a primary as a moderate, so she entered the 2016 primary as a progressive. Consequently, she moved further left as senator Bernie Sanders came closer to derailing her nomination. Continua a leggere
The United States, once again, find themselves crying more victims due to the terrible phenomenon of gun violence. On October 26, Robert Bowers, 46, drove to Tree of Life synagogue armed with a Glock .357, handguns and a Colt AR-15 rifle. He entered the synagogue, made statements indicating his desire to “kill Jews”, and so he did. Eleven people were left lifeless on the ground. Needless to say, this tragedy spiraled into an inevitable cluster of protests against gun violence. Specifically, against president Trump’s visit to the city, which took place on Tuesday. Continua a leggere
On December 12, 2015, 196 representatives to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change marked the beginning of an historic climate change agreement: The ‘Accord de Paris’. In short, this agreement deals with the questions of greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance. Clearly, it was former president Barack Obama who pushed for such a result: “one of the reasons I ran for this office was to make sure that America does its part to protect this planet for future generations”. Continua a leggere
It was June 5th, 1966 when the Union Nationale won the legislative assembly elections against the Québec Liberal Party. Since then, social democrats would never obtain power in the province.
However, things changed on Monday. The 2011-founded Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ), led by cabinet minister François Legault and businessman Charles Sirois, managed to win the provincial elections. In fact, the CAQ won a majority of seats in the National Assembly of Québec. A surprising 74 out of 125 seats have been secured. This indicates a gain of 52 seats, compared to the 2014 elections. Continua a leggere
In the wake of contemporary events, cybersecurity has become a major topic of discussion in the political life of the United States. It was May 2009 when former president Barack Obama declared that the country’s disparate efforts to “deter, prevent, detect and defend” against cyber-attacks would thereupon be run out of the White House, barring the federal government from regular monitoring of private-sector networks. Obama’s speech was accompanied by the release of a completely new government strategy, which emphasized the effort to balance the US response to a rising security threat (echoing back to the debates on wiretapping without warrants during the Bush years). Continua a leggere
On July 31st, a federal judge blocked the publication of 3D-printed gun blueprints that lawmakers around the country fear would lead to a wave of easily produced, untraceable firearms. United States District Judge Robert Lasnik released a restraining order in Seattle that effectively halted a company’s plans to release the designs, arguing, “There is a possibility of irreparable harm because of the way these guns can be made”.
Furthermore, wherever guns come into the equation so does politics. President Donald Trump managed to follow up on the court ruling and made comments raising concerns about 3D-printed guns. Trump had tweeted: “I am looking into 3D Plastic Guns being sold to the public. Already spoke to N.R.A., doesn’t seem to make much sense!” Even though the N.R.A. is recognized as the most influential gun lobby in the U.S., now it seems to be worried about gun-building companies it can’t control. Continua a leggere
Last Friday and Saturday, the 44th edition of the G7 took place in La Malbaie, Canada. Prime minister Justin Trudeau served as the host of the summit and was eager to get down to business especially with US President Donald Trump.
It is the 5th consecutive time that the G7 lacks the presence of another major sovereign State such as Russia. This is due to the suspension of the country from the summit for matters concerning the March 2014 Crimean annexation (by invading Ukraine). Even with such a controversial country out of the way, the 7 ‘greats’ managed to provoke some sort of chaos and controversy.
Unfortunately, the G7 started off bad and ended even worse. This G7 has also been called the ‘G6+1’. The reason being that all the countries were on the same page except the United States. The European powers (France, Germany, Italy) and the United Kingdom, were quite irritated at Donald Trump even before the summit started.
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On Thursday, Trump surprisingly canceled the anticipated U.S.-North Korea summit, scheduled for June 12th, citing hostile comments from top North Korean officials and concern about the country’s commitment to giving up its nuclear weapons. “Sadly, based on the tremendous anger and open hostility displayed in your most recent statement, I feel it is inappropriate, at this time, to have this long-planned meeting” said Trump in his letter to Kim Jong-un.
However, things changed quickly after South Korean president Moon Jae-in met with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un on Saturday for an unannounced discussion about their hopes for a U.S.-Korea summit.
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